The Ludlow Massacre

On April 20, 1914 violence broke out between strikers in the Ludlow Tent Colony and the Colorado National Guard troops stationed in the area.  Strikers and guardsmen exchanged fire over the course of the day. At dusk, the National Guard set fire to the tent colony causing most of its residents to flee the camp leaving behind all of their belongings.  
    
On this day, a group of women and children took shelter in a cellar under a tent to avoid the gun violence.  When the tent above this cellar caught fire, two women and twelve children suffocated and died.  

Twenty-five people died during the violence including three militiamen, two women, and twelve children. Violence against the strikers had occurred throughout the strike, but the remarkable casualties of this day brought national attention to the conditions of the coal miners and their families.

The Massacre Images